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  • Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic digestive disorder characterized by the reflux of stomach acid and sometimes bile into the esophagus. The esophagus is the tube that carries food from your mouth to your stomach.

    In a healthy individual, there is a circular band of muscle called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) at the junction of the esophagus and stomach. The LES acts as a barrier, preventing the backflow of stomach acid into the esophagus. However, in people with GERD, the LES becomes weak or relaxes inappropriately, allowing stomach acid to flow backward, irritating the esophageal lining.

    The symptoms of GERD can vary but commonly include heartburn, a burning sensation in the chest, regurgitation of acid or food, difficulty swallowing, and a bitter taste in the mouth. Chronic or untreated GERD can lead to complications such as esophagitis (inflammation of the esophagus), esophageal strictures (narrowing of the esophagus), Barrett's esophagus (a precancerous condition), and even an increased risk of esophageal cancer.

    Treatment for GERD often involves lifestyle changes, such as avoiding trigger foods, losing weight, elevating the head of the bed, and avoiding lying down after eating. Medications like proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) or H2 receptor blockers can help reduce stomach acid production. In more severe cases, surgery may be recommended to strengthen the LES or correct anatomical abnormalities.

    If you suspect you have GERD or are experiencing symptoms of acid reflux, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management.

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    <p><a href="">Family physician</a> discusses <a href="">gastroesophageal</a> reflux disease (GERD).</p>

    Family physician discusses gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

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    <p><a href="">Family Physician</a> discusses <a href="">gastroesophageal</a> reflux disease and heartburn.</p>

    Family Physician discusses gastroesophageal reflux disease and heartburn.

  • Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) - Acid Reflux and Diet

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, is when your lower esophageal sphincter doesn’t close properly, meaning that oftentimes, contents from your stomach can go back up into your esophagus. local family physicians are a great place to start to get information. 


    If you suspect you have GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) or have further questions, it would be advisable to consult with a healthcare professional, such as a local registered dietitian. They can provide personalized guidance and recommendations based on your specific needs and medical history.

    In addition to dietary considerations, it may also be beneficial to see a local family physician or cardiologist to manage your condition effectively. These healthcare professionals can provide a comprehensive approach to your GERD treatment, including medication management if necessary.

    It's worth noting that while there are common food triggers for GERD, such as spicy foods, high-fat foods, alcohol, caffeine, chocolate, citrus fruits and juices, and mint flavorings, the specific triggers can vary between individuals. Some people may tolerate certain foods that are acidic or somewhat acidic, such as pineapple and tomatoes, while others may experience symptoms from these foods. It's important to pay attention to your body's response and monitor your symptoms when trying out different foods.

    As for food options that are generally considered less acidic and may be well-tolerated by individuals with GERD, fruits and vegetables like zucchini, squash, bell peppers, carrots, papaya, melon, cantaloupe, honeydew, and blueberries are often considered safe choices. However, it's essential to remember that individual responses to foods can vary, so it's best to test these foods in small quantities and observe how your symptoms are affected.

    Ultimately, working with healthcare professionals, such as a registered dietitian, can provide you with the most accurate and personalized advice for managing GERD and maintaining overall health.


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