ARNI

(Angiotnsin II Recptor Blocker + Neprolysin Inhibitor)

ACE

(Angiotensin Converting Enzyme) Inhibitors Drugs

ARBs

(Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers) Drugs

Beta Blockers Drugs

  • Name: Sacubitril/valsartan (Entresto®)
  • Effect: Dilates (widens) blood vessels and makes it easier for the heart to pump blood forward so less backs up into the lungs
    Improves heart function
    Improves symptoms
    Cuts hospitalization heart attack and death
  • Potential Side Effects: Cough
    Dizziness, lightheadedness
    Increased blood potassium level
    Swelling of lips/face/throat (rare)—Call 911
  • Name: Captopril (Capoten®)

    Enalapril (Vasotec®)
    Fosinopril (Monopril®)
    Lisinopril (Zestril®)
    Perindopril (Coversyl®)
    Quinapril (Accupril®)
    Ramipril (Altace®)
    Trandolapril (Mavik®)

  • Effect: Dilates (widens) blood vessels and makes it easier for the heart to pump blood forward so less backs up into the lungs
    Improves heart function
    Improves symptoms
    Cuts hospitalization heart attack and death
  • Potential Side Effects: Cough
    Dizziness, lightheadedness
    Increased blood potassium level
    Swelling of lips/face/throat (rare)—Call 911
  • Name: Azilsartan (Edarbi®)

    Candesartan (Atacand®)
    Irbesartan (Avapro®)
    Losartan (Cozaar®)
    Olmesartan (Olmetec®)
    Telmisartan (Micardis®)
    Valsartan (Diovan®)

  • Effect: Dilates (widens) blood vessels and makes it easier for the heart to pump blood forward so less backs up into the lungs
    Improves heart function
    Improves symptoms
    Cuts hospitalization heart attack and death
  • Potential Side Effects: Dizziness, lightheadedness
    Headache
    Increased blood potassium level
  • Name: Bisoprolol (Monocor®)

    Carvedilol (Coreg®)
    Metoprolol (Betaloc®, Lopressor®)
    Nebivilol (Bystolic)

  • Effect: Improves symptoms
    Decreases risk of hospitalization and death
    Lowers blood pressure and heart rate
  • Potential Side Effects: Fatigue/tiredness
    Dizziness, lightheadedness
    Wheezing

Diuretics

(Water Pills)

Aldosterone Antagonists

Digitalis

If Channel Blocker

  • Name: Ethacrynic Acid (Edecrin®)
    Furosemide (Lasix®)
    Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ, HydroDiuril®)
    Indapamide (Lozide®)
    Metolazone (Zaroxolyn®)
  • Effect: Removes excess water by increasing urine production
    Reduces swelling in legs, ankles and belly
    Makes it easier to breathe
  • Potential Side Effects: Dizziness/ lightheadedness
    Reduced blood potassium level
    Gout
    Thirst and dry mouth
  • Name: Eplerenone (Inspra®)
    Spironolactone (Aldactone®)
  • Effect: Improves symptoms
    Lowers risk of hospitalization and death
  • Potential Side Effects: Increased blood potassium level
    Breast enlargement/tenderness (only spironolactone)
  • Name: Digoxin (Lanoxin® Toloxin®)
  • Effect: Strengthens heart’s pumping action
    Improves symptoms
    Lowers risk of hospitalization
    Slows the heart rate in atrial fibrillation
  • Potential Side Effects: Nausea/vomiting (if side effect persists, call your doctor)
  • Name: Ivabradine (Lancora®)
  • Effect: Improves symptoms
    Decreases risk of hospitalization
    Lowers heart rate
  • Potential Side Effects: Visual changes, slow heartbeat, palpitations, Fatigue/tiredness, Dizziness, lightheadedness, Headache

HMG-CoA

Reductase Inhibitors Drugs ending with ``-statin``

SGLT2 inhibitors

Phosphodiesterase

Type 5 Inhibitors Erectile Dysfunction Agents
  • Name: Atorvastatin (Lipitor®)
    Lovastatin (Mevacor®)
    Pravastatin (Pravachol®)
    Rosuvastatin (Crestor®)
    Simvastatin (Zocor®)
  • Effect: Lowers LDL (“bad”) cholesterol
    Decreases the risk of future heart attacks
  • Potential Side Effects: Constipation, gas, Indigestion, Muscle pain
  • Name: Empagliflozin (Jardiance®)
    Canagliflozin (Invokana®)
    Dapagliflozin (Forxiga®)
    Dapagliflozin /metformin (Xigduo®)
  • Effect: Reduces glucose (sugar) levels in your body by increasing the amount of sugar you pass in your urine. They may reduce fluid retention and reduce weight
  • Potential Side Effects: Bladder or urinary tract infections, vaginal or groin infections and low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).
    In rare cases may cause diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which is acid build up in the blood.
  • Name: Sildenafil (Viagra®)
    Tadalafil (Cialis®)
    Vardenafil (Levitra®)
    Note: Do NOT take nitroglycerin within 48 hours of these drugs!
  • Effect: Helps achieve and/or maintain erection during sex
  • Potential Side Effects: Headache, Indigestion, Flushing, Nasal congestion, Visual disturbances, Dizziness, Skin rash
    Note: Do NOT take nitroglycerin within 48 hours of these drugs!

HEART FAILURE NOW PATIENT COMMUNICATION PLATFORM

Call 911 if you have signs of DKA, which may include nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite, abdominal pain, excessive thirst, difficulty breathing, confusion, unusual fatigue, or sleepiness