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  • Osteoporosis


    Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in bone density and quality, leading to fragile bones that are more prone to fractures. It often develops gradually over time, and unfortunately, people may not realize they have osteoporosis until a fracture occurs.

    The hip and spine are particularly vulnerable to osteoporotic fractures because they bear a significant amount of weight and stress. Fractures in these areas can be particularly debilitating and may lead to significant pain, disability, and a loss of independence.

    It's important to note that osteoporosis can affect both men and women, although it is more common in postmenopausal women due to hormonal changes that occur during menopause. Other risk factors for osteoporosis include advanced age, a family history of the condition, certain medical conditions, long-term use of certain medications (such as corticosteroids), low calcium and vitamin D intake, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and a sedentary lifestyle.

    To reduce the risk of osteoporosis and fractures, it's essential to maintain a healthy lifestyle. This includes eating a balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, engaging in weight-bearing exercises, quitting smoking, limiting alcohol intake, and discussing any potential risk factors or concerns with a healthcare professional. Additionally, bone density tests (such as DXA scans) can help identify osteoporosis and determine the need for treatment or preventive measures.

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    <p><a href="">Family Physician </a>discusses Osteoporosis Diagnosis and Treatment Options</p>

    Family Physician discusses Osteoporosis Diagnosis and Treatment Options

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    <p><a href="">Pharmacist</a>, discusses the importance of diagnosing and treating osteoporosis.</p>

    Pharmacist, discusses the importance of diagnosing and treating osteoporosis.

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    <p><a href="">Rheumatologist</a>, discusses What is Osteoporosis and how does it affect your Bone Health?</p>

    Rheumatologist, discusses What is Osteoporosis and how does it affect your Bone Health?

  • Osteoporosis Diagnosis and Treatment Options

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic condition that affects the joints, including those in the foot. It occurs when the articular cartilage that covers the ends of the bones wears away over time. This can be caused by injury, repetitive use, or age-related degeneration.

    The foot is a complex structure with many bones and joints that work together to support weight, provide stability, and allow for movement. The ends of these bones that form the joints are covered in articular cartilage, which acts as a smooth surface to facilitate the gliding motion of the bones during movement.

    When the cartilage in the foot joints becomes worn away, the bones may start rubbing against each other, causing pain, inflammation, and stiffness. The loss of joint space between the bones can lead to structural changes within the bones themselves, such as the formation of osteophytes or bone spurs. These bone spurs are the body's attempt to repair the damaged joint, but they can contribute to further pain and discomfort.

    Osteoarthritis in the foot can cause various symptoms, including pain, swelling, tenderness, stiffness, and difficulty walking or performing activities that involve foot movement. It can also affect the alignment of the foot, leading to changes in gait and posture.

    Treatment for foot osteoarthritis focuses on relieving pain, improving joint function, and slowing down the progression of the disease. It may involve a combination of conservative measures such as pain medications, physical therapy, orthotic devices, footwear modifications, and lifestyle changes. In severe cases where conservative treatments are ineffective, surgical options like joint fusion or joint replacement may be considered.

    It's important to consult with a healthcare professional, such as a podiatrist or orthopedic specialist, for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management of foot osteoarthritis.


    A physiotherapist can play a significant role in the management of OA. They may suggest using a brace or splint to provide external support to the affected joint, which can help prevent further deformity. These splints are typically worn during the night or during flare-ups.

    Physiotherapists can also guide you in exercises to improve mobility, range of motion, and strength in the muscles surrounding the joint. Gentle stretching and movement exercises can help maintain joint function and reduce pain. Strengthening exercises are essential for supporting the joint and improving overall function.

    It's worth noting that there is a common misconception that exercise can be harmful to joints affected by arthritis. However, exercise and movement are generally beneficial for joint health. A physiotherapist can design a customized exercise program that ensures you move and load the joint safely and in a manner that promotes joint health.

    If you're experiencing pain, stiffness, or other symptoms in the affected joints, it would be wise to schedule an appointment with a physiotherapist. They can provide a proper diagnosis and develop a tailored rehabilitation program to help you maintain or restore function and alleviate pain.

    In addition to physiotherapy, collaborating with a registered dietitian and an athletic therapist can be beneficial. A registered dietitian can assist in developing a healthy diet plan that may support joint health. An athletic therapist can provide additional guidance and support for exercise and physical activity.

    Remember, adopting a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet and regular exercise, is crucial for overall health and can complement the management of OA in the foot.


  • Good Nutrition for Osteoporosis

    Calcium, magnesium, and vitamin D are indeed crucial micronutrients for maintaining strong bones. Here's some additional information on each of these nutrients:

    1. Calcium: It plays a vital role in building and maintaining bone strength. Dairy products like milk, yogurt, and cheese are excellent sources of calcium. However, if you're lactose intolerant or prefer non-dairy options, you can also find calcium in fortified plant-based milk alternatives (e.g., soy, almond, or oat milk), tofu, canned fish with bones (e.g., sardines, salmon), and leafy green vegetables such as broccoli, kale, and spinach.

    2. Magnesium: This mineral works alongside calcium to support bone health. While it can be found in dairy products, other sources include nuts (e.g., almonds, cashews), seeds (e.g., pumpkin, sesame), legumes (e.g., beans, lentils), whole grains (e.g., brown rice, quinoa), and leafy green vegetables.

    3. Vitamin D: It aids in the absorption of calcium and promotes bone mineralization. Our bodies can produce vitamin D when exposed to sunlight, but it can also be obtained through dietary sources. Fatty fish like salmon and mackerel are good sources of vitamin D. Additionally, fortified dairy products, fortified plant-based milk alternatives, egg yolks, and certain fortified cereals provide varying amounts of vitamin D. However, it can be challenging to get sufficient vitamin D through diet alone, especially in regions with limited sunlight exposure. In such cases, vitamin D supplements may be recommended, and the daily recommendation of 1,000 IUs you mentioned is a commonly suggested dosage.

    It's important to note that while nutrition plays a significant role in bone health, it is just one aspect of maintaining strong bones. Regular weight-bearing exercise, avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, and getting regular check-ups to monitor bone density are also essential for overall bone health.

    If you have specific questions or concerns about your bone health and nutrition, it's always a good idea to consult with a registered dietitian or healthcare professional who can provide personalized advice based on your individual needs and health status.

    NOW Health Network Local Practitioners: Registered Dietitian

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