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  • ADHD

    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is indeed one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders that typically begins in childhood and can persist into adulthood. It is characterized by a pattern of persistent inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that significantly impacts a person's functioning and development.

    Children with ADHD may struggle with maintaining attention, becoming easily distracted, and experiencing difficulty in staying focused on tasks or activities. They might also display impulsive behaviors, acting without considering the consequences. Additionally, hyperactivity is often observed, leading to excessive restlessness, fidgeting, or difficulty engaging in quiet activities.

    It's important to note that ADHD is a complex disorder with various presentations and can affect individuals differently. Some individuals primarily exhibit symptoms of inattention, referred to as predominantly inattentive presentation. Others predominantly display hyperactive and impulsive behaviors (predominantly hyperactive-impulsive presentation). Lastly, some individuals exhibit a combination of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity (combined presentation).

    Diagnosing ADHD involves a comprehensive evaluation that considers symptoms, impairments in multiple settings (e.g., home, school), and the exclusion of other possible causes. Treatment approaches for ADHD typically involve a combination of behavioral interventions, educational support, and, in some cases, medication, tailored to the individual's needs.

    It's worth mentioning that while ADHD is commonly diagnosed in childhood, it can continue to affect individuals throughout their lives. Many adults also experience symptoms and may receive a diagnosis later in life, often realizing that their struggles and challenges are related to ADHD.

    If you have any specific questions or need further information about ADHD, feel free to ask!

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    <p><a href="">Psychiatrist,</a> discusses What is ADHD and How is it Treated?</p>

    Psychiatrist, discusses What is ADHD and How is it Treated?

  • What is ADHD and How is it Treated?

    ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, while ADD refers to attention deficit disorder. However, it's important to note that the term "ADD" is no longer officially used in the diagnostic criteria. The current classification system, as outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), combines both ADHD subtypes (with and without hyperactivity) under the term "ADHD."

    ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that typically begins in childhood and can persist into adulthood. It is characterized by persistent patterns of inattention, impulsivity, and/or hyperactivity that can significantly impact an individual's daily functioning and quality of life.

    While ADHD can affect both boys and girls, it is generally considered to be more prevalent in boys. However, it is important to note that ADHD can occur in individuals of any gender, and the actual gender ratio may vary based on different studies and populations.

    The estimated prevalence of ADHD is around 6 to 7 percent in children, but it is important to remember that this figure can vary depending on the specific criteria used for diagnosis, the population being studied, and other factors. It is also worth noting that ADHD can continue into adolescence and adulthood, affecting a significant number of individuals beyond childhood.

    If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of ADHD, it is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional for a comprehensive evaluation and appropriate management. Treatment options can include behavioral therapy, medication, or a combination of both, tailored to the individual's specific needs.


    It's great that you're emphasizing the need for a trained professional to make the diagnosis and involving teachers, parents, and other individuals who know the child to gather a comprehensive understanding of the symptoms across different settings.

    You also mentioned the potential consequences of untreated ADHD, such as difficulties at school, poor academic performance, low self-esteem, and an increased risk of drug and alcohol problems. Additionally, you highlighted the higher likelihood of physical injuries like accidents if ADHD remains untreated.

    Treating ADHD is crucial, and while medication is one aspect of treatment, it's not the only option. Behavioral management and environmental modifications can be effective as well. Creating a focused and distraction-free workspace, minimizing external stimuli, and managing co-occurring conditions like anxiety or substance use are important strategies.

    You pointed out that around 30% of young people with ADHD continue to have symptoms into adulthood, which can lead to job loss, divorce, and increased accidents if left untreated. Seeking help from a mental health specialist, which may involve a referral from a family physician, is a good starting point.

    Lastly, you mentioned the importance of early intervention and that individuals of all ages can benefit from treatment. Encouraging individuals with concerns or questions about ADHD to consult their family doctor or a local psychiatrist is a proactive step.

    Please note that the above information is based on the details you provided, and it's always advisable to consult medical professionals for accurate and personalized advice.


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