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  • Vitamin D


    D₂. Vitamin D₃, also known as cholecalciferol, is synthesized in the skin when it is exposed to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation from sunlight. It can also be obtained from certain foods and dietary supplements. Vitamin D₂, or ergocalciferol, is derived from plant sources and is often used in fortified food products and supplements.

    Once synthesized or obtained from dietary sources, both vitamin D₂ and D₃ undergo similar metabolic transformations in the liver and kidneys to become biologically active. The liver converts vitamin D to 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], also known as calcidiol. This form of vitamin D is the major circulating metabolite and is commonly used to measure a person's vitamin D status.

    The final activation step takes place in the kidneys, where 25(OH)D is converted to its active form, known as 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)₂D], or calcitriol. Calcitriol acts as a hormone that regulates calcium and phosphate homeostasis in the body.

    Vitamin D plays a crucial role in maintaining healthy bones and teeth by promoting the absorption of calcium and phosphate from the intestine. It also helps regulate calcium levels in the blood and supports bone mineralization. In addition to its skeletal functions, vitamin D is involved in various other physiological processes. It plays a role in the immune system, muscle function, cardiovascular health, and cell growth and differentiation.

    Deficiency in vitamin D can lead to conditions like rickets in children, which causes weak and deformed bones, and osteomalacia in adults, which is characterized by bone pain and muscle weakness. Severe deficiency may result in osteoporosis, a condition characterized by low bone density and an increased risk of fractures.

    It is important to note that while sunlight exposure is a natural way to obtain vitamin D, excessive exposure to UV radiation can increase the risk of skin cancer. Therefore, it is recommended to balance sun exposure with appropriate sun protection measures, such as wearing sunscreen and protective clothing.

    Individuals who are at a higher risk of vitamin D deficiency, such as those with limited sun exposure, darker skin pigmentation, older adults, and people with certain medical conditions, may benefit from vitamin D supplementation. However, it is always best to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the appropriate dosage and duration of supplementation based on individual needs.

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    <p><a href="">Registered Dietitian,</a> discusses <a href="">vitamin D</a> in nutrition.</p>

    Registered Dietitian, discusses vitamin D in nutrition.

  • What are Benefits of Vitamin D

    Vitamin D is indeed an essential micronutrient that plays several important roles in the body. One of its primary functions is to help regulate the absorption of calcium and phosphorus, which are crucial for maintaining healthy bones and teeth. Additionally, vitamin D is involved in various other bodily processes, including immune function, cell growth, neuromuscular function, and reduction of inflammation.

    One of the notable benefits of vitamin D is its potential role in preventing multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system. While the exact mechanisms are not fully understood, research suggests that vitamin D may have immune-modulating effects that help reduce the risk of developing MS and alleviate its symptoms. Studies have found an association between higher vitamin D levels and a lower risk of developing MS, as well as a potential benefit in managing the disease progression.

    Vitamin D can be synthesized by the body through exposure to sunlight, specifically ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation. When the skin is exposed to sunlight, it triggers the production of vitamin D precursors, which are then converted into the active form of vitamin D. However, as you mentioned, the ability to produce vitamin D through sunlight depends on various factors such as geographic location, season, time of day, skin pigmentation, and the use of sunscreen.

    In regions with limited sunlight or during the winter months when sunlight exposure is reduced, it may be challenging to obtain adequate vitamin D solely from sunlight. In such cases, dietary sources and supplementation become important. Foods that naturally contain vitamin D include fatty fish (e.g., salmon, mackerel), egg yolks, and fortified dairy products. Vitamin D supplements are also available, and they can be recommended by healthcare professionals to ensure sufficient intake, especially for individuals at risk of deficiency or those with limited sun exposure.

    It's worth noting that while vitamin D has several potential benefits, including its association with MS prevention, further research is still needed to fully understand its effects and optimal levels for different individuals and health conditions. It's always a good idea to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice regarding vitamin D supplementation and overall nutrition.


    Look for a supplement that contains at least 1000 international units or IUs per day. Try to choose a product that is a D3 as opposed to a D2 for better absorption.

    If you have more questions about the benefits of vitamin D in your diet, speak to your local dietitian or nutritionist and for supplement information visit your local food store or pharmacy. Local Registered Dietitians

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